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Quercus ilex (Holm Oak)

Type Tree, Evergreen
Form Compact Rounded Tree
Size Large Tree (8m or more height)
Colours Grey Foliage
Care Some Maintenance Required - Tough Plant
Hardiness Frost hardy
Growth Medium Growing Plant
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Quercus ilex Description

This large tree will slowly but surely become a bruiser so don’t plant it in a small garden unless you prepared to cut it back regularly. The small silver grey leaves are similar to olive, yet the tree itself is oak-like in stature and form and far hardier than olive.


Quercus ilex - Cultivation Notes

Good on all well drained soils, including shallow chalk and sand, the Holme oak flourishes in exposed coastal locations where it is often grown for shelter or trimmed to shape. The eventual size of the tree makes it suitable for the largest of gardens as a specimen or evergreen boundary plant. can be pruned and grown as a hedge.


Strengths, Weaknesses & Design Usage


Strengths of Quercus ilex:

  • Attracts wildlife to feed or nest
  • All round tough plant suitable for problem areas
  • Evergreen foliage for all year round colour and screening
  • Fruit / berry producing
  • Attractive form or foliage for all year interest
  • Tolerates full sun and sandy, drought-prone soils
  • Tolerates heavy clay soils

Weaknesses of Quercus ilex

  • Does not produce showy attractive flowers

View all the plants listed in Genus Quercus

View other types of trees with grey foliage

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